The great Migration in the Serengeti

The great Migration in the Serengeti

While the Serengeti offer amazing game viewing opportunities year round, the main attraction is the annual migration. Accompanied by zebra, buffalo, elephant, giraffe, gazelle and antelope the wildebeest move between Tanzania and Kenya seeking greener pastures each year. Add the sight of Maasai tribesmen in their red robes and you are in for a sight to remember.

  • The numbers game

Every year nearly 2 million wildebeest move between Tanzania and Kenya during the migration. They are accompanied by around 200,000 zebra, 350,000 gazelles and 12,000 eland. While they are resting during the dry season (January to March) in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Maswa Game Reserve south-east of the Serengeti, the females give birth to nearly 400,000 calves. Hundreds of predators including lions and hyenas can be seen around this area during this time.

  • It’s all about the rain

The herds move between Tanzania and Kenya, following the rain and thus food and better quality drinking water in a clockwise direction. The short rains begin in the Serengeti in Tanzania around the beginning of November. The herds follow shortly after, usually arriving late November to early December. In April they start migrating north. By May they are usually around Moru Kopjes and west of Seronera. By July they congregate on the south side of the Grumeti River and they are often seen crossing the Mara River further north. They keep traveling north in July and August, crossing through the Grumeti Reserve, Ikorongo and Serengeti National Park. September sees them across the northern Serengeti and during October they travel through Loliondo and the Serengeti National Park’s Lobo area. In November they return to the southern Serengeti… where the whole cycle starts again.

  • The endless trip

The herds’ journey from south to north is nearly 3000 kilometres long. But for their brief stay in the south the cycle is never ending-until death. Predators are rampant and many wildebeest get caught along the way offering fantastic opportunities for onlookers. It also helps to keep the numbers down, remember that nearly 400,000, yes thousand!, calfs are born each year.

  • A nick name or two

The annual migration has earned the Serengeti a few nick names along with world fame. It is known as “The Land that Moves Forever’- referring to the never ending cycle that the herds follow across the rolling grasslands.

It has also been listed as part of the ‘Ten Wonders of The Natural World’.

  • How to view the migration

There are a number of accommodation options in and around the Serengeti – be sure to book early as the time around the migration is extremely popular for obvious reasons. Also check out surrounding reserves as they could offer activities not provided by the main park.

You can view the migration by going on a guided game drive, walking or cycling tours or even from a hot-air balloon!

The Serengeti is sure to please and satisfy anyone who wishes to take in the beauty of Africa and view the wildlife. Contrary to many popular tourist destinations, thought, it is one of few places where it is the best time to travel during the rainy season.

**A version of this article first appeared at

Juanita Pienaar

Juanita Pienaar is a citizen of the world, recently settled back down in her home country, South Africa, after spending time traveling and living in Asia and Africa. She has a passionate love affair with the ocean and loves to share that passion by teaching scuba diving. She is a yoga teacher and fully believe in finding the balance in life. She has recently discovered the joy and freedom of wearing yoga pants ‘out-and-about’. Juanita loses herself in the written and spoken word.

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