Pearl diving in Bahrain.

Pearl diving in Bahrain.

For centuries – millennia even – the pearls harvested in Bahrain have been considered the best in the world. In the past pearl divers would be out at sea on a Dow boat for months at a time, harvesting these precious treasures. For nearly 80 years pearl diving in Bahrain has been closed off to tourists but recently this has changed. You can now dive for your very own Bahraini pearls.

The pearling industry was the backbone of Bahrain’s economy before the discovery of oil and now the country is hoping to increase tourism by opening up this activity to divers – using the money for education and sustainability of the pearling industry. Minister of Works, Municipalities Affairs, and Urban Planning, Essam Bin Abdulla Khalaf, said that one of the biggest reasons for opening pearl diving activities to tourists was to create the opportunity for better regulation of pearling activities. He hopes that it would create more jobs for Bahrainis in the marine sector as well as keep Bahrain as a key player in the international pearl industry.

You need a licensed pass and can dive up to two hours on the four sites. The licences can be purchased through the official government website and divers will have to attend a briefing on what they are allowed and not allowed to do. If you wish to participate in a pearl diving experience you need to be a qualified diver. There are a number of dive centres in the area that not only offer these excursions but that can also teach you to dive.

There are four different dive sites where divers can collect up to 60 oysters each – all with the hope of finding a pearl in one. Oysters can be opened on the boat, and appraised for value and quality on land. All pearls that you find can be kept and taken home!! The pearl diving trips leave from Ras Rayyah on the Northern tip of Muharraq Island.

There are nearly 650 square kilometres of oyster beds around the coast of Bahrain, offer plenty of oysters to choose from on your hunt for the elusive pearl.

The passes allow the government to monitor the amount of oysters collected and to make sure that the practice is sustainable.

On land you can walk the UNESCO world heritage Pearling Trail in Muhurraq- the capital of Bahrain. The trail is about 3.5 km long and consist of seventeen breath-taking, old merchant’s houses – marvels in themselves – built in the Arabic architectural style. There are even still some traditional Bahraini pearl merchant families offering the best, handcrafted pieces fashioned around natural pearls.

The thought of finding a little treasure underwater has surely crossed every diver’s mind at some point. Bahrain is making this a possibility by opening up their pearling experience to tourists. One thing is for sure, whether you find a pearl or not, this will definitely be an experience never to be forgotten.

*A version of this article first appeared at

Juanita Pienaar

Juanita Pienaar is a citizen of the world, recently settled back down in her home country, South Africa, after spending time traveling and living in Asia and Africa. She has a passionate love affair with the ocean and loves to share that passion by teaching scuba diving. She is a yoga teacher and fully believe in finding the balance in life. She has recently discovered the joy and freedom of wearing yoga pants ‘out-and-about’. Juanita loses herself in the written and spoken word.

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